Scientific research encompasses the utilization of scientific methods for conducting research. But there are alternative research methodologies for scientific research. Researchers can also use qualitative research methods simultaneously for scientific research. Incorporating qualitative methods enables researchers to generate deep insights into the scientific phenomenon. The difference in the methodology varies in their approach to examining the research problem. The choice of different strategies and methodological approaches depends upon the aims and objectives of scientific research. This article will tell you about some alternative strategies and methods for scientific research.
What are some alternative strategies to scientific research?
Conventional strategies for scientific research involve quantitative analysis. It is because scientific processes involve tangible data. Conventional scientific method involves testing and validating or refuting the hypothesis through data collection and analysis. The scientific method seeks to comprehend causation and correlation based on empirical data. But there are some alternative strategies that researchers can use for their thesis. Here are the alternative strategies that you can incorporate into your thesis:
Qualitative research strategy
Qualitative research strategies are crucial in scientific research. These strategies involve applying systematic appraisal and inductive and deductive techniques. So, incorporating a qualitative research strategy is essential for scientific research. The importance of qualitative research strategy dates to the Greek philosopher Plato. Greeks were the pioneers of scientific method. They laid the foundations for modern scientific processes. According to Plato, the development of knowledge starts with the inductive method. Induction leads to deduction Induction method refers to the particulars. Particulars are the experiences or sensations acquired through the five senses. These particulars or inductions lead to the universals defined by Plato.
Universals in the scientific process
Universals in the scientific process encompass concepts, models, and theories. These universals are strengthened by experimental verification and hypothesis validation. So, qualitative research is an appropriate scientific method that conducts a systematic investigation of inductive and deductive practices. Therefore, qualitative research strategy has paramount significance in scientific research.
What can you achieve by applying the alternative strategy of qualitative research?
Qualitative research takes a subjectivist approach to interpreting any phenomenon. You might think this is antithetical to scientific research since the scientific process aims to derive objective findings. But qualitative research strategy as an alternative can help you understand the complex human interaction. Human behaviour is complex and requires interpretivist and constructivist approaches to understand the dynamics of human interaction. You can use qualitative research methods to supplement the quantitative research methods. Human behaviour and outcomes never occur outside the context of the situation. Qualitative research approach involves the investigation of human subjects interactively.
Ethical Concerns in Scientific Research
Furthermore, scientific research also has to take stock of ethical concerns. Scientific process involves experimentation on human and animal subjects. The cold, rational approach of scientific research leads to some unethical practices. Qualitative research strategies enable researchers to gain perspective on ethical concerns and practices. The conceptualization of scientific methods grounded in randomized controlled tests and hypothesis testing requires innovation. Researchers argue that the scientific process needs to incorporate a broader conceptualization of scientific research. Academic bodies in science must include qualitative methods in scientific research. It will lead to the development of curiosity, critical thinking and observations and enhanced interpretation.
Qualitative Strategies in Scientific Research
Many hard-core scientists ridicule the usage of qualitative strategies in scientific research. They argue that qualitative research is subjective and does not lead to any generalizations. But these assertions are far from reality and lack a proper understanding of qualitative research. Qualitative research based on Platonic ideas includes universals. These universals comprise general statements, scientific laws, and theories. Qualitative research can lead to findings that apply to different contexts. These findings are transferable.
Moreover, qualitative research states the results as concepts. These concepts are interlinked and theoretically generalizable. Qualitative research can contribute to the formulation of scientific theories. Qualitative research is crucial for abstractions in science.
Universals in scientific research are synonymous with scientific models and theories. You can use qualitative research strategies for your dissertation if you aim to understand the general scientific abstractions. The deductive approach in qualitative research methods can logically help you derive predictions and future outcomes. You can increase the predicting capability of a scientific theory using the deductive approach. You can further enhance the explanations derived from deductive logic through systematic experimentation. The results generated in this manner will lead to a rich variety of data and deep insights.
What is the importance of qualitative approaches for induction and deduction?
Qualitative strategies for induction
Inductive and deductive logic has crucial significance for scientific research. It is common to assume that inductive and deductive logic requires a systematic quantitative investigation. But that is not the case. Many times, scientists are unable to study the inductive and deductive procedures quantitatively. The logic of induction assumes the particulars or premises to be true. Particulars in inductive logic refer to sensory perceptions and observable facts. But quantitative research method cannot ascertain the validity of particulars or premises independently.
The inductive logic in scientific research is based on “particulars to generals”. But the premises assumed to be true cannot be proven through quantitative methods. It is common when scientists observe human subjects in closed environments or control groups. The observations themselves are defined by the context and situation of the observation that occurs in a specific context. So, the data acquired through the inductive approach depends upon our pre-conceived notions. We see and observe those things that we want to see. So, the inductive logic based on particulars (observable facts) essential for examining a scientific phenomenon requires a qualitative approach. It is because subjectivity is essential for understanding the implicit meanings and pre-conceived notions in scientific research.
Qualitative strategies for deduction
Deduction is drawing inferences from universals, such as established scientific laws and theories. But deductive logic also requires the incorporation of qualitative research approaches. It will enable you to gain a comprehensive understanding of the contextual implications of scientific results. Facts do not speak for themselves. They require interpretation and explanation and an ability to identify the implicit meanings.
Qualitative strategies for scientific research are crucial for enhancing scientific knowledge. You can use it to generate deep insights and a comprehensive understanding of your thesis. You can simultaneously use qualitative and quantitative approaches in scientific research and add value to the scientific literature.
Robert Fawl is a professional Content Writer based in London, UK. He is an author and blogger with experience in writing different academic researches. If you need research proposal help, you can contact him.